Evidence for Helical Hinge Zero Modes in an Fe-Based Superconductor

Combining topology and superconductivity providesa powerful tool for investigating fundamental physics as well as aroute to fault-tolerant quantum computing. There is mountingevidence that the Fe-based superconductor FeTe0.55Se0.45 (FTS)may also be topologically ...

Coulomb blockade in an atomically thin quantum dot

Gate-tunable quantum-mechanical tunneling of particles between a quantum confined state and a nearby Fermi reservoir of delocalized states has underpinned many advances in spintronics and solid-state quantum optics. The prototypical ...

Colossal Bulk Photovoltaic Effect in a Type-I Weyl Semimetal

Broadband, efficient and fast conversion of light to electricity is crucial for sensing and clean energy. The bulk photovoltaic effect (BPVE) is a second-order nonlinear optical effect that intrinsically converts ...

Customizable message area. Check the theme option page to configure this.

Posted by Kenneth Burch On March - 13 - 2017 Comments Off on Understanding the evolution of anomalous anharmonicity in Bi2Te3−xSex

The anharmonic effect in thermoelectrics has been a central topic for decades in both condensed matter physics and material science. However, despite the long-believed strong and complex anharmonicity in the Bi2 Te3−x Sex series, experimental verification of anharmonicity and its evolution with doping remains elusive. We fill this important gap with high-resolution, temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy in high-quality single crystals of Bi2Te3, Bi2Te2Se, and Bi2Se3 over the temperature range from 4 to 293 K. Klemens’s model was employed to explain the renormalization of their phonon linewidths. The phonon energies of Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3 are analyzed in detail from three aspects: lattice  [ Read More ]

Posted by Kenneth Burch On November - 1 - 2016 Comments Off on Automatic Spike Removal Algorithm for Raman Spectra

Raman spectroscopy is a powerful technique, widely used in both academia and industry. In part, the technique’s extensive use stems from its ability to uniquely identify and image various material parameters: composition, strain, temperature, lattice/excitation symmetry, and magnetism in bulk, nano, solid, and organic materials. However, in nanomaterials and samples with low thermal conductivity, these measurements require long acquisition times. On the other hand, charge- coupled device (CCD) detectors used in Raman microscopes are vulnerable to cosmic rays. As a result, many spurious spikes occur in the measured spectra, which can distort the result or require the spectra to be  [ Read More ]

Posted by Kenneth Burch On October - 26 - 2016 Comments Off on Modeling tunneling for the unconventional superconducting proximity effect

Recently there has been reinvigorated interest in the superconducting proximity effect, driven by predictions of the emergence of Majorana fermions. To help guide this search, we have developed a phenomenological model for the tunneling spectra in anisotropic superconductor-normal metal proximity devices. We combine successful approaches used in s-wave proximity and standard d-wave tunneling to reproduce tunneling spectra in d-wave proximity devices, and clarify the origin of various features. Different variations of the pair potential are considered, resulting from the proximity-induced superconductivity. Furthermore, the effective pair potential felt by the quasiparticles is momentum-dependent in contrast to s-wave superconductors. The probabilities of  [ Read More ]

Posted by Kenneth Burch On July - 17 - 2016 Comments Off on Magneto-elastic coupling in a potential ferromagnetic 2D atomic crystal

Cr2Ge2Te6 has been of interest for decades, as it is one of only a few naturally forming ferromagnetic semiconductors. Recently, this material has been revisited due to its potential as a two-dimensional semiconducting ferromagnet and a substrate to induce anomalous quantum Hall states in topological insulators. However, many relevant properties of Cr2Ge2Te6 still remain poorly understood, especially the spin-phonon coupling crucial to spintronic, multiferrioc, thermal conductivity, magnetic proximity and the establishment of long range order on the nanoscale. We explore the interplay between the lattice and magnetism through high resolution micro-Raman scattering measurements over the temperature range from 10 to  [ Read More ]

Posted by Kenneth Burch On April - 27 - 2016 Comments Off on Sn-doped Bi1.1Sb0.9Te2S bulk crystal topological insulator with excellent properties

A long-standing issue in topological insulator research has been to find a bulk single crystal material that provides a high-quality platform for characterizing topological surface states without interference from bulk electronic states. This material would ideally be a bulk insulator, have a surface state Dirac point energy well isolated from the bulk valence and conduction bands, display quantum oscillations from the surface state electrons and be growable as large, high-quality bulk single crystals. Here we show that this material obstacle is overcome by bulk crystals of lightly Sn-doped Bi1.1Sb0.9Te2S grown by the vertical Bridgman method. We characterize Sn-BSTS via angle-resolved  [ Read More ]